New Tour – Vyšehrad

  1. Wenceslaus square
  2. Jungmann´s square – cubistic lamp, church of Saint Lady Snow, Palace Adria
  3. Franz Kafka
  4. Church st. Michael in Jirchářích
  5. Charles square – New City Hall, church of st. Ignac and Jesuits collage, house of Faust
  6. Emauzy, memorial of legia´s from WWI
  7. Vyšehrad – rotunda of st. Martin, ruins of castle, st. Peter and Paul, cementary, Fortification
  8. Cubism
  9. Dancing house, Mánes, Žofín, art deco houses, National theater
  10. Estates theatre, Carolinum 
  • Wenceslaus square

The origin is from 1348 when Charles IV. built a New Town with many squares for market´s purposes. The original name of Wenselaus square has been Horse Market. From the name is clear that subject of business were horses. In the year 1848 the name was changed for square of Saint Wenceslaus. The houses here are quite modern – from end of 19thcentury and also from 20thcentury. The architecture of houses are secession and functionalism. In front of you the Nation Museum is seen able. It is the biggest museum in Czech republic where majority of archaeological artifacts, biological and environmental, anthropologist and ethnographic, geologic, petrology, palaeontologist material are stored, also as well everything what is connected with developing of Czech culture and history. The building was open in 1891 and it has been freshly reconstruct (2011-2018). 

  • Jungmann´s square

You can see here a beautiful street lamp in cubism style from beginning of 20thcentury. The interesting thing about cubism in Czechoslovakia is that cubism is not just stream in interiors and applied arts but you can meet it also in Czech architecture, later we will see more examples. The lamp is in the front of church of Lady Maria Snow, which we will go to visit.

Church of Lady Maria Snow had been started to built by Charles IV. in 14thcentury with idea of coronation of kings but it never happened. The construction of building was stopped by ruling his son Wenceslaus IV. Because of religion conflict between Hussites (czech type of Protestantism, begun in 15thcentury) and Catholics. This war was going for 50 years and Czech kingdom went to the culture, economic and social isolation from another countries of Europe. After the war the church stayed unfinished. It was planned that it will be the biggest church in all Prague, more that is st. Vitus cathedral. 

Palace Adria is very interesting building from beginning of 20thcentury in architectonic style of rondo-cubism. Rondo-cubism is speciality of Czech architecture, it´s also call national style, because the new established republic needed the architectonic style which will symbols the new era of in-dependency of Czechoslovakia from Hapsburg´s monarchy. The Adria Palace is the most beautiful example of this style. Also many new flats are made in this style and you will recognize by a geometry symbol – roundel in facade of house. 

The sculpture is Josef Jungmann, a scientist, translator and book writer who written a first Czech-german dictionary which helped to establish Czech language like a official one in times of Hapsburg´s monarchy which preferred German one and was oppressive to other languages of nations their rise.

  • Franz Kafka

Head of Franz Kafka is kinetic art from David Černý. It was placed here in 2014. The head is moving by 42 electronic panels. Franz Kafka is international known Czech book writer with Jewish roots. All his famous books like for an example Metamorphosis and Process were written in German language. It was typical for Jewish in Czech lands, that part of them spoke German like their mother tongue, not Czech one, because they moved to Czech kingdom during middle ages pogroms in Germany. Franz Kafka was one from this part of Jewish community. Franz Kafka was not famous when he lived. He never wanted to be. When he was dying on tuberculosis, he asked his friend Rainer Maria Rilke, who was famous poet, if he can burn some his papers, which he can not read at all. Rilke read it, liked it and printed and he has made his friend famous post-mortem. Some legend says that Kafka´s ghost is until today very ungry and he is roaring in streets of Prague Jewish town until to the day when all his books will be burn away.